Benchmark Blueprint for Fact Fluency Building fact fluency takes instructional time and effort on both the part of the teacher and the student. Here are some suggestions from NCTM and several research articles and resources I have used over the years:

Focus on teaching your students strategies rather than simply counting on fingers or drawing pictures. Teach and drill making tens, doubles, doubles plus one, etc...

Sort fact cards by strategies used to solve them.

Assess your students several times per week with mad minute drills. Each student should track their score on their assessments.

Students should set individual goals for their facts and develop a plan of action to meet their goals.

Have your students keep a personal baggie of facts they need to learn. Keep these handy each day so that during any free time they can pull these out and practice independently. For students that need to practice many facts, limit the number of cards they put into their bag. You don't want it to seem to overwhelming.

Use a blank addition or multiplication table and have the students fill in the facts as they master them. This will provide a visual for them so they can easily see how well they are progressing. It is also an easy way to find out what they still need to practice.

Incorporate fact practice at least 5-10 minutes daily. Use this time to focus on facts that utilize a particular strategy rather than just random facts.

Multiplication Strategies: Two Tables: Focus on doubling the number you are multiplying by 2 NOT counting by 2. For ex.: 2x6=12 think of 6+6 instead of 2,4,6,8,10,12 2x24=48 because 24+24=48

Ten Tables: Double the five tables.

Five Tables: Use the ten tables and take one half. For ex: 5x4=20 because 10x4=40 and half of 40 is 20. 5x14=70 (10x14=140 and half of that is 70) Use the minute hand on a clock for facts through 12X5. Include a clock face with minute hand on flashcards for the fives.

Four Tables: Double the two tables 4x6=24 think 2x6 is 12 and double of 12 is 24 4x9=36 think 2x9 is 18 and double of 18 is 36

Three Tables: Use the two tables and add one more set. 3X6=18 think 2X6=12 and add 6 more to 12 to get 18.

Nine Tables: Yes, we know the finger trick, but the “nifty nines” have other interesting patterns as well! - The tens digit of a nines product is always one less than the other factor. - The sum of the tens place and ones place is always nine. 7X9=63 think one less than 7 is 6 and 6+3 is 9.

Another strategy is to use the tens tables and then subtract sets from that product. 6X9=54 think 6x10=60 and 60-6 is 54.

Eight Tables: Start with the two tables, double it and then double it again for the eight tables. 8X6=48 think 2x6=12, double 12 for 24, double again for 48. Another way is if the four tables are known, just double that product. 8x4=32 think 4x4=16 and double 16 is 32.

Seven Tables: Use the five and two tables. 7x7=49 think 7x5=35 and 7x2=14 Then 35+14=49.

Helping Facts: Use a known fact to help with an unknown fact. 6x7=42 think 5x7=35 so add one more group of 7 for 42.

Greg Tang Multiplication Rhymes:

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A group of 0’s fast and fun, no matter what, the answer’s none.

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A group of 1 you won’t forget, what you see is what you get.

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A group of 2? It’s no trouble, just make sure you always double.

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A group of 3 is simply done, start with 2 and then add 1.

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A group of 4 is fast to do if you think in groups of 2.

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A group of 5 you’ll find with ease, half of 10 is just a breeze.

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A group of 6 is clear to see when you look for groups of 3.

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A group of 7 can be quick, 5 and 2 will do the trick. (distributive property would be a great strategy for the 7s)

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A group of 8 is nothing more, than equal groups of 4 and 4.

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A group of 9 requires tact, start with 10 and then subtract. Partner Multiplication Cards Template

Benchmark Blueprint for Fact FluencyBuilding fact fluency takes instructional time and effort on both the part of the teacher and the student. Here are some suggestions from NCTM and several research articles and resources I have used over the years:Multiplication Strategies:Two Tables:

Focus on doubling the number you are multiplying by 2 NOT counting by 2.

For ex.: 2x6=12 think of 6+6 instead of 2,4,6,8,10,12

2x24=48 because 24+24=48

Ten Tables:

Double the five tables.

Five Tables:

Use the ten tables and take one half.

For ex: 5x4=20 because 10x4=40 and half of 40 is 20.

5x14=70 (10x14=140 and half of that is 70)

Use the minute hand on a clock for facts through 12X5. Include a clock face with minute hand on flashcards for the fives.

Four Tables:

Double the two tables

4x6=24 think 2x6 is 12 and double of 12 is 24

4x9=36 think 2x9 is 18 and double of 18 is 36

Three Tables:

Use the two tables and add one more set.

3X6=18 think 2X6=12 and add 6 more to 12 to get 18.

Nine Tables:

Yes, we know the finger trick, but the “nifty nines” have other interesting patterns as well!

- The tens digit of a nines product is always one less than the other factor.

- The sum of the tens place and ones place is always nine.

7X9=63 think one less than 7 is 6 and 6+3 is 9.

Another strategy is to use the tens tables and then subtract sets from that product.

6X9=54 think 6x10=60 and 60-6 is 54.

Eight Tables:

Start with the two tables, double it and then double it again for the eight tables.

8X6=48 think 2x6=12, double 12 for 24, double again for 48.

Another way is if the four tables are known, just double that product.

8x4=32 think 4x4=16 and double 16 is 32.

Seven Tables:

Use the five and two tables.

7x7=49 think 7x5=35 and 7x2=14 Then 35+14=49.

Helping Facts:

Use a known fact to help with an unknown fact.

6x7=42 think 5x7=35 so add one more group of 7 for 42.

Greg Tang Multiplication Rhymes:

Partner Multiplication Cards Template

Activities that Assistants Have been Given:

Addition and Subtraction Mad Minute Graph:

Multiplication Mad Minute Graph: